4-Color-Process:The process of combining four process colors cyan,
magenta, yellow, black to create a printed full color picture or to create
colors composed from these four colors. (See CMYK)
AI (Adobe Illustrator): Illustration computer graphic application. This
application is used to render line art drawn in paths and allows the
designer to resize images freely without getting pixilated edges as in the
case with bitmapped images.
Album: A book
containing photographs pasted in place.
Art Cloth Cover: Cotton fabric
Fastback Hardcover. This is a bright material ideally suited for art books and
professional photography books.
Bindercover: Pre-cut covers in a
variety of colors.
The part of the image area that prints past the edges of the page and is
removed during final trimming.
Bond Paper: Standard office
paper. Usually sold in 20# and 24# weights.
Bonded Leather: A leather-based
material made by mixing real leather fibers with a latex or similar base. The
end product looks, smells and feels very much like real leather, but at a much
Book Block: The interior sheets
of the book without the cover.
Calendering: The process giving
paper a smooth finish by running the paper through smooth cylinders during the
manufacturing process. Calendered paper comes in several finishes. At its
calendered, paper using this process resembles coated paper in texture.
Case: Industry term for hard
Case Binding: The traditional
process of making hard cover books.
Casing-In: The process of
attaching the hard cover case to the book block.
Clear Cover: A special plastic
material designed to work well with the Fastback binders. Unlike some other
plastics, Clear Cover will not melt when binding. It is also compatible with
the Foilfast binder, allowing you to add foil printing to transparent covers.
Clear Liner: A thin plastic
adhesive sheet designed to make book rebinding easier than ever. Ideally suited
to the fast repair of non-archival books.
CMYK (Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black): The subtractive primaries, or process
colors, used in color printing, also used to describe the printing process
Coated Paper: Paper that has a
fine layer of clay, resin, or some other substrate that gives the paper a
smooth, often shiny appearance for rich color printing. Coated papers can be
difficult to bind using standard thermal-adhesive methods. Some form of paper
preparation is recommended beforehand (see Splitter, notching, milling,
CP Strip: Special thermal strip
designed to let you bind books that are printed on smooth papers, or are
printed with a laser printer that uses fuser oil.
Comb Binding: An older
punch-and-bind system that uses a thick plastic comb. Sometimes referred to as
Comp Cover: Powis Parker's
kidskin, paper-based and patterned material. Available in Hardcovers and in
individual cover sheets for external binding.
Comp Strip: Thermal strip that
matches the comp cover material in appearance. Ideally suited for special
presentations of tape-bound documents.
Crash: The gauze-like material
that is glued onto traditional book spines to keep the signatures together.
Because the Fastback Binding System does not use traditional binding
techniques, the crash (also called the "super") is not required. It is replaced
with the binding strip.
Custom bookmaking: Hard cover
books individually made by hand.
Debossing: A stamping process
with a machine die that leaves an image pressed into the surface of a book
cover. Sometimes erroneously referred to as embossing.
dies) A tool used for cutting shapes or impressing patterns in
other materials. Dies are used for traditional hot stamping to apply foil,
emboss paper, or both.
Die Cutting: The process of
cutting a pattern in a sheet or book cover using specially-made dies.
Die-cut Window: A window on the
front of a Photobook Hardcover that is cut out but not wrapped.
DPI: is the number of dots (or pixels - PPI) that fit horizontally and
vertically into a one-inch measure. The more dots per inch, the more detail
is captured and the sharper the image.
Short for dye sublimation—a process that converts solid
inks into to gases before printing, then back into solids when printing.
Dye-sub printing is favored where water-soluble inks will not work, or on
surfaces that do not readily accept other types of ink.
Edge Preparation: The treatment
of a sheet of paper to create a stronger bind.
Electronic File Name: The name of your digital file.
Embossing: A machine die
stamping process that leaves a raised impression on book cover. See also
End Paper: See "Endleaf."
Endleaf: (pl.: endleaves) The stiff paper that attaches the book block to the
front and back inside covers.
EPS (Encapsulated Postscript): A self-contained graphics file written in
PostScript that contains all the elements needed to print the file without
using the program in which the file was originally created.
Fastback Binding System: Powis
Parker's unique thermal binding system that allows you to make tape bound,
perfect-bound and hard cover books one at a time in an office environment.
Foilfast printer: Powis Parker's
foil printer, which prints in foil from most office computers.
Foilfast Title Sheet: Adhesive
sheets that match Powis Parker's Suede and Comp Hardcovers. Designed to work
with let you add foil printing to your books.
one time, font referred to the available characters for a typeface at a
specific size (e.g., Helvetica 12 pt.). With the advent of desktop publishing,
the concept lost its meaning and today is today interchangeable with typeface.
A page that has an image that prints all the way to edges on all four sides.
See also: Bleed.
Fuser Oil: Oil that is used to
prevent laser printer toner from sticking to the heating element. Fuser oil can
cause problems when binding because it leaves a fine layer of oil on a sheet,
which can prevent the binding adhesive from coming in full contact with the
GBC Binding: See "Comb Binding."
Glossy Paper: Paper coated with
a slick and shiny surface. Often used in magazines, yearbooks, and photo books.
Grain Direction: The direction
in which the fibers of the paper are oriented. It is important to ensure that
the grain direction is parallel with the bind to achieve the best results.
Hardcover Guide: Assembly jig
used to center and attach a Fastback Hardcover to a book block. It is also used
to identify the correct Fastback Hardcover book widths, and to attach Foilfast
Title sheets to the covers.
Headband: The narrow piece of
striped or solid fabric at the top and the bottom of each book block. The
headband was once an integral part of the binding process, but now it is purely
Hot Foil Stamping: The process
of applying foil to a sheet or cover by applying heat and pressure. Hot foil
stamping requires special equipment and dies similar to those used for
printing process that uses liquid inks sprayed onto paper to create images.
Kromekote: A brand of coated
card stock often used for business cards.
Library Cloth Cover: Rayon
fabric Fastback Hardcover. This is an extremely rugged cover designed for heavy
use, such as one might experience in a library or similar setting. Ideal for
binding books for heavy use purposes or a traditional look and feel.
Linen Strip: A Fastback Super
Strip made to resemble the "crash" used in traditional hard cover bookbinding.
Long Grain: See "Paper Grain."
Marbled Paper: Decorative sheet
of paper printed with a pattern that resembles marble. Often used for endleaves
in expensive books.
Matte Paper: Paper that is
coated with a non-glossy surface. Matte paper is often used to create drama
when combined with printed photos which appear shiny in comparison to the
Memory Book: A scrapbook or
photo album devoted to specific people or events.
Milling: A technique used to
help bind perfect-bound books. The binding edge of the book block is abraded to
expose more fibers and increase the size of the binding edge. Normally it is
used with calendered or coated paper to improve the bind.
A retail store department or kiosk that offers on-site film processing. A quick
Newton: A unit of measurement
used to measure bind strength. A newton is the amount of force required to
accelerate a mass of one kilogram at a rate of one meter per second squared.
Notching: A technique used to
improve the bind on perfect-bound books. Small notches are cut along the
binding edge to increase the edge area available when the book is glued.
Normally it is used with coated or calendered paper to improve the bind (see,
The Photobook Binding Challenge White Paper).
Offset Printing rinting technique that transfers ink from a plate to a
blanket to paper instead of directly from plate to paper.
Page Turn Test: A test used to
determine how many times a book page will turn before falling out. The
equipment used for this test mimics the action of a person aggressively turning
a page in a book.
Paper Grain: The direction in
which the fibers in a sheet of paper line up. Paper grain is normally either
short grain or long grain. [diagram]
Paper Weight: There are several
methods of measuring paper weights. Designations such as "bond" and "text"
indicate weight measurements based on specific master sheet sizes (see Paper
Weights Chart for more information). As a universal weight comparison, most
papers also list the weight in grams.
Perfect Bind: Perfect-binding is
the process of binding individual sheets directly to the inside spine of a softcover.
This is process used most commonly to bind paperback books.
Perfectback Strip: Powis
Parker's patented strip that allows you to make softcover (paperback) books
with a Fastback binder. Perfectback strips are available for the 15xs and the
Photo Book or Photobook: A book
that consists primarily of photographic images.
Photobook Production Cell: Powis
Parker's system for creating photo books. The Photobook
Production Cell consists of a Fastback Splitter, a Fastback Photobook
binder, and a Fastback Hardcover Guide.
PhotoPro Strip: Powis Parker's
patented thermal adhesive strip designed for use with the Fastback 25 Photobook
binder, and the Fastback Splitter.
Pixels: Individual squares of color that, when viewed from a distance,
appear to make up a photographic image. The image you see on a computer
screen is made up of pixels. Also referred to as raster graphics or
PMS (Pantone Matching System): The Pantone matching system is used for
specifying and blending match colors. It provides designers with swatches of
over 700 colors and gives printers the recipes for making those colors.
Pantones are generally used as spot colors, such as logos, to ensure color
consistency for corporate identities. However, they can also be used in
halftone graphics and for duotones. Pantones can also be simulated using the
colors from the CMYK spectrum. Pantone publishes a guide for doing so. The
results, however, vary greatly from the original Pantone choice, especially
for greens and oranges.
Postscript: A page markup computer language designed specifically for type
and graphics in page layout.
PowisPrinter: Foil printer
designed to add titles to spines on tape-bound books.
Pressure Sensitive Adhesive:
Adhesive that does not require heating. Powis Parker uses this type of adhesive
on its Hardcover adhesive panels, Foilfast Title sheets, and Perfectback LF and
Test sheet made to reveal errors or flaws, predict results on press
and record how a printing job is intended to appear when finished.
Soft Proof proof for content via a digital file such as pdf, jpeg, etc.
This is for non-color critical proofing.
Press Proof proof for content and color via a printed copy. This method is
usually recommended for color critical jobs.
Pull Test: A test used to test
how firmly a sheet of paper is attached to its binding (see also, "Newton").
Punch and Bind: Any of the
binding systems that create documents by first punching the sheets and then
attaching the binding element through the punched holes (e.g. velobind or coil
Quarter Binding: A process that
uses two different materials on a hard cover, so that the material on the spine
wraps approximately one-quarter of the way around the cover.
Ream: 500 sheets of paper.
Release Paper: The paper that
covers and adhesive panel on a Fastback Hardcover, or a Perfectback strip. The
release paper is removed to expose the adhesive for binding.
Roughing: See "Milling."
thin, creased line in a sheet of paper, often applied to make stiff material
fold at a specific point (such as a paperback book cover).
Scrapbooking: The popular hobby
of creating individually made books, often containing photographs and artwork.
Many times, the scrapbooks are designed to create a record of memorable events.
Sewing: Collections of folded or
loose pages sewn together along the binding edge. Sewing is often used with
custom-made hard-bound books. This is a very sturdy form of binding, but it
requires expensive sewing equipment.
Short Grain: see "Paper Grain."
Signature: A collection of pages
created from a single printed sheet that is then folded and bound. Also the
trade name for the adhesive sheets used with the PhotoPress to create books.
Silver Halide: Paper used to
make traditional photographic prints with a chemical development process.
Smart Strip Technology: The
technology that makes it possible for Fastback binders to automatically adjust
bind cycle settings for each type of strip.
Softcover: Wraparound cover made
of stiff cover weight paper like those found on paperback books.
Speed Strip: Powis Parker
binding strip designed to provide the fastest bind possible. Ideal for
high-volume or quick turnaround environments.
Spine: The bound edge of a book.
Spine Wrap: A patented process
created by Powis Parker to allow you to add foil printed custom Quarter Panel
wraps (see also, "Quarter Binding").
An image or graphic that runs across more than one page.
Splitter: The Fastback Splitter
is a device that creates micro-channels in the center of sheets of paper to
help improve the binding. It is primarily intended for use with coated paper.
Spot Color: In offset printing, a spot color is any color generated by an
ink (pure or mixed) that is printed using a single run.
Powis Parker's stapling equipment. Part of the Studio Photobook System.
StitchFree™: Powis Parker's
process to create books that are as sturdy as sewn or stapled books, but
without the expense of sewing, or the restrictions of wire stitching.
Stitching: A stapling process
using spooled wire instead of individual staples. The term is also sometimes
used to refer to sewing. Often used in a saddle or side method to bind
pamphlets and brochures.
Strip Binding: The process of binding with a thermoplastic adhesive strip. Sometimes
also referred to as tape binding. See also: Tape Binding.
Studio Photobook System: Powis Parker's economy photobook production
system. Designed for small businesses or copy centers and print shops that want
to add photobooks to their available products. the primary Studio Photobook
System consist of the 9 binder,
Stitcher, and Hardcover Guide. Supplies are also available for use with the
15xs binder and third-party stitching and stapling equipment.
Suede Cover: Powis Parker's
suede leather-like paper-based cover material.
Super: See "Crash."
Super Strip: Powis Parker's most
versatile strip. Ideal for most tape-binding and hard cover binding purposes.
Tape Binding: A generic term for
the process of binding a book using an external strip of tape. Tape binding
refers to both pressure-sensitive adhesive tapes and thermoplastic adhesive
Temperature Activated Adhesive:
Adhesive that is inert until heated. Adhesives of this type are used on all
Powis Parker strips.
Adhesive: A heat-activated, plastic binding substance used to
replace traditional animal-based adhesives. The adhesive softens when heated
and hardens when it cools.
A type style of a single design (e.g., Garamond Light).
Variable Information Postscript Printware
(VIPP): VIPP is an open language from Xerox that enables
highest-performance output of personalized (variable-data) PostScript documents
Variable Information Printing:
The ability to change specific items of information within a document as it
prints. Variable Information Printing is used to create several copies of a
single document with the information slightly altered according to which person
will receive the document. For instance, if you want a different persons name
to appear on the cover of each copy of a book.
Vector Graphics are graphics that are made up of
geometrically defined shapes rather than individual pixels. This allows the
graphics to be resized without encountering "pixilation," or jagged edges.
For this reason, vector graphics are preferred for geometric and
non-photographic design elements, such as logos and illustrations.
Velobind: A punch-and-bind process
that uses a thin strip of plastic that holds the pages in place. Pages cannot
be removed or replaced without destroying and replacing the binding strip.
Wrapped Window: A window on the
front of a Photobook Hardcover that has the cover material wrapped completely
around the window resulting in a more finished final product.